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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:32:02 UTC
Update Date2020-05-11 20:00:42 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0000518
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB00518
Metabolite Identification
Common NameChenodeoxycholic acid
DescriptionChenodeoxycholic acid, also known as anthropodeoxycholate or chenix, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. Dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives are compounds containing or derived from a bile acid or alcohol, and which bears exactly two carboxylic acid groups. Chenodeoxycholic acid is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholanic acidChEBI
7alpha-Hydroxylithocholic acidChEBI
Anthropodeoxycholic acidChEBI
Anthropodesoxycholic acidChEBI
CDCAChEBI
Chenic acidChEBI
ChenixChEBI
ChenodiolChEBI
Gallodesoxycholic acidChEBI
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholanateGenerator
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholanic acidGenerator
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholanateGenerator
3Α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanateGenerator
3Α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanic acidGenerator
7a-HydroxylithocholateGenerator
7a-Hydroxylithocholic acidGenerator
7alpha-HydroxylithocholateGenerator
7Α-hydroxylithocholateGenerator
7Α-hydroxylithocholic acidGenerator
AnthropodeoxycholateGenerator
AnthropodesoxycholateGenerator
ChenateGenerator
GallodesoxycholateGenerator
ChenodeoxycholateGenerator
(+)-ChenodeoxycholateHMDB
(+)-Chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-Dihydroxy-cholan-24-OateHMDB
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-Dihydroxy-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanateHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanic acidHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-OateHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
7a-Hydroxy-desoxycholsaeureHMDB
ChenodesoxycholsaeureHMDB
Acid, cheniqueHMDB
ChenofalkHMDB
ChenophalkHMDB
Acid, chenodeoxycholicHMDB
Chenodeoxycholate, sodiumHMDB
QuenocolHMDB
Solvay brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Antigen brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Falk brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
QuenobilanHMDB
Sodium chenodeoxycholateHMDB
Tramedico brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Zambon brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Acid, chenicHMDB
Acid, gallodesoxycholicHMDB
Chenique acidHMDB
Estedi brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
HenoholHMDB
Chemical FormulaC24H40O4
Average Molecular Weight392.572
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight392.292659768
IUPAC Name(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7S,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acid
Traditional Name(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7S,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acid
CAS Registry Number474-25-9
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]4([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])CC[C@]12C)[C@H](C)CCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C24H40O4/c1-14(4-7-21(27)28)17-5-6-18-22-19(9-11-24(17,18)3)23(2)10-8-16(25)12-15(23)13-20(22)26/h14-20,22,25-26H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,28)/t14-,15+,16-,17-,18+,19+,20-,22+,23+,24-/m1/s1
InChI KeyRUDATBOHQWOJDD-BSWAIDMHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. Dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives are compounds containing or derived from a bile acid or alcohol, and which bears exactly two carboxylic acid groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentDihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Exogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point165 - 167 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility0.0899 mg/mLNot Available
LogP4.15SANGSTER (1993)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP3.01ALOGPS
logP3.71ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.54ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity109.27 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability46.35 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0a6u-3920000000-ce93b24c6e2568b6087dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6u-3920000000-ce93b24c6e2568b6087dView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01rt-0419000000-6a92f910581240163a99View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-1110390000-7a6c62344d1371b74081View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-0009000000-82ed6dc62b49ac0340e6View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-01pa-2930000000-64edc819ad56b842cdbaView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-053r-6900000000-c97325e1ca9bcff75af1View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-0002-0009000000-ad2d2440db7f3f1c8a2eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-056r-0009000000-997e61e986e67265241cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-056r-0009000000-81134947694f847d1c65View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-02t9-1219000000-6a0ddebebacac090c27eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0009000000-efdaad69eee0ae934dd5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-006x-1009000000-15b4edab9d05e4c3693aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9006000000-9291e69db3a3c47ecd97View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cell membrane
  • Cytoplasm
Biospecimen Locations
  • Fibroblasts
  • Liver
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FibroblastsExpected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal
  • Not Applicable
details
LiverDetected but not QuantifiedNot QuantifiedNot SpecifiedNot Specified
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0000518
DrugBank IDDB06777
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB022087
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID9728
KEGG Compound IDC02528
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkChenodiol
METLIN ID207
PubChem Compound10133
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16755
References
Synthesis ReferenceSato, Yoshio; Ikekawa, Nobuo. Preparation of chenodeoxycholic acid. Journal of Organic Chemistry (1959), 24 1367-8.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding
Specific function:
Ligand-activated transcription factor. Receptor for bile acids (BAs) such as chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), lithocholic acid, deoxycholic acid (DCA) and allocholic acid (ACA). Plays a essential role in BA homeostasis through the regulation of genes involved in BA synthesis, conjugation and enterohepatic circulation. Also regulates lipid and glucose homeostasis and is involved innate immune response. The FXR-RXR heterodimer binds predominantly to farnesoid X receptor response elements (FXREs) containing two inverted repeats of the consensus sequence 5'-AGGTCA-3' in which the monomers are spaced by 1 nucleotide (IR-1) but also to tandem repeat DR1 sites with lower affinity, and can be activated by either FXR or RXR-specific ligands. It is proposed that monomeric nuclear receptors such as NR5A2/LRH-1 bound to coregulatory nuclear responsive element (NRE) halfsites located in close proximity to FXREs modulate transcriptional activity. In the liver activates transcription of the corepressor NR0B2 thereby indirectly inhibiting CYP7A1 and CYP8B1 (involved in BA synthesis) implicating at least in part histone demethylase KDM1A resulting in epigenomic repression, and SLC10A1/NTCP (involved in hepatic uptake of conjugated BAs). Activates transcription of the repressor MAFG (involved in regulation of BA synthesis). Activates transcription of SLC27A5/BACS and BAAT (involved in BA conjugation), ABCB11/BSEP (involved in bile salt export) by directly recruiting histone methyltransferase CARM1, and ABCC2/MRP2 (involved in secretion of conjugated BAs) and ABCB4 (involved in secretion of phosphatidylcholine in the small intestine). Activates transcription of SLC27A5/BACS and BAAT (involved in BA conjugation), ABCB11/BSEP (involved in bile salt export) by directly recruiting histone methyltransferase CARM1, and ABCC2/MRP2 (involved in secretion of conjugated BAs) and ABCB4 (involved in secretion of phosphatidylcholine in the small intestine). In the intestine activates FGF19 expression and secretion leading to hepatic CYP7A1 repression. The function also involves the coordinated induction of hepatic KLB/beta-klotho expression. Regulates transcription of liver UGT2B4 and SULT2A1 involved in BA detoxification; binding to the UGT2B4 promoter seems to imply a monomeric transactivation independent of RXRA. Modulates lipid homeostasis by activating liver NR0B2/SHP-mediated repression of SREBF1 (involved in de novo lipogenesis), expression of PLTP (involved in HDL formation), SCARB1 (involved in HDL hepatic uptake), APOE, APOC1, APOC4, PPARA (involved in beta-oxidation of fatty acids), VLDLR and SDC1 (involved in the hepatic uptake of LDL and IDL remnants), and inhibiting expression of MTTP (involved in VLDL assembly). Increases expression of APOC2 (promoting lipoprotein lipase activity implicated in triglyceride clearance). Transrepresses APOA1 involving a monomeric competition with NR2A1 for binding to a DR1 element. Also reduces triglyceride clearance by inhibiting expression of ANGPTL3 and APOC3 (both involved in inhibition of lipoprotein lipase). Involved in glucose homeostasis by modulating hepatic gluconeogenesis through activation of NR0B2/SHP-mediated repression of respective genes. Modulates glycogen synthesis (inducing phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3). Modulates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and is involved in insulin resistance. Involved in intestinal innate immunity. Plays a role in protecting the distal small intestine against bacterial overgrowth and preservation of the epithelial barrier. Down-regulates inflammatory cytokine expression in several types of immune cells including macrophages and mononuclear cells. Mediates trans-repression of TLR4-induced cytokine expression; the function seems to require its sumoylation and prevents N-CoR nuclear receptor corepressor clearance from target genes such as IL1B and NOS2. Involved in the TLR9-mediated protective mechanism in intestinal inflammation. Plays an anti-inflammatory role in liver inflammation; proposed to inhibit proinflammatory (but not antiapoptotic) NF-kappa-B signaling.
Gene Name:
NR1H4
Uniprot ID:
Q3SZL0
Molecular weight:
55460.0