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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 22:51:16 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:26:55 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0002104
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB02104
Metabolite Identification
Common NameL-Glutamic-gamma-semialdehyde
DescriptionL-Glutamic gamma-semialdehyde, also known as L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde or 5-oxo-L-norvaline, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom. L-Glutamic gamma-semialdehyde is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). L-Glutamic gamma-semialdehyde exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5-oxo-L-NorvalineChEBI
L-Glutamate 5-semialdehydeChEBI
L-Glutamate gamma-semialdehydeChEBI
L-Glutamic acid 5-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamate g-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamate γ-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamic acid g-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamic acid gamma-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamic acid γ-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamic g-semialdehydeGenerator
L-Glutamic γ-semialdehydeGenerator
Glutamate-semialdehydeHMDB
Glutamic gamma-semialdehydeHMDB
L-Glutamate-5-semialdehydeHMDB
L-Glutamate-gamma-semialdehydeHMDB
L-Glutamic-gamma-semialdehydeHMDB
gamma-Glutamyl semialdehydeHMDB
Glutamate gamma-semialdehydeHMDB
Glutamic acid gamma-semialdehydeHMDB
Glutamic acid gamma-semialdehyde, (L)-isomerHMDB
Chemical FormulaC5H9NO3
Average Molecular Weight131.1299
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight131.058243159
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-amino-5-oxopentanoic acid
Traditional Name4-carboxy-4-aminobutanal
CAS Registry Number496-92-4
SMILES
N[C@@H](CCC=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C5H9NO3/c6-4(5(8)9)2-1-3-7/h3-4H,1-2,6H2,(H,8,9)/t4-/m0/s1
InChI KeyKABXUUFDPUOJMW-BYPYZUCNSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as l-alpha-amino acids. These are alpha amino acids which have the L-configuration of the alpha-carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentL-alpha-amino acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Aldehyde
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
OriginNot Available
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-3.4ChemAxon
logS0.04ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.12ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.11ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area80.39 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity30.36 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.56 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-059l-9000000000-c907c5e28c6d3b047532View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-9200000000-b09702360bf061bd64dbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-02a9-9700000000-ffc8c81a881bac7a0ca7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00kr-9100000000-7061d8b19402303b61afView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-fa50d608bfaec666722dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-1900000000-485c1c464e6d065cb4acView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01q9-7900000000-cd2ef70374a324d28ee0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-8685f6b3a1d6936c24c3View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0002104
DrugBank IDDB04388
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB030963
KNApSAcK IDC00007475
Chemspider ID167744
KEGG Compound IDC01165
BioCyc IDL-GLUTAMATE_GAMMA-SEMIALDEHYDE
BiGG ID36962
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN ID6488
PubChem Compound193305
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17232
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
OAT
Uniprot ID:
Q3ZCF5
Molecular weight:
48075.0
Reactions
Ornithine + Oxoglutaric acid → L-Glutamic-gamma-semialdehyde + L-Glutamic aciddetails