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Record Information
Version1.0
Creation Date2016-09-30 23:02:49 UTC
Update Date2020-05-21 16:28:58 UTC
BMDB IDBMDB0003125
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • BMDB03125
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHydrogen peroxide
DescriptionHydrogen peroxide, also known as albone or dihydrogen dioxide, belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous other non-metal compounds. These are inorganic non-metallic compounds in which the largest atom belongs to the class of 'other non-metals'. Hydrogen peroxide is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Hydrogen peroxide exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
[OH(OH)]ChEBI
Dihydrogen dioxideChEBI
H2O2ChEBI
HOOHChEBI
OxydolChEBI
PerhydrolChEBI
OxyfullKegg
Adeka super elHMDB
AlboneHMDB
Albone 35HMDB
Albone DSHMDB
Anti-keim 50HMDB
AsepticperHMDB
BaquashockHMDB
CIXHMDB
Clarigel goldHMDB
Crestal whitestripsHMDB
CrystacideHMDB
DentaseptHMDB
Deslime LPHMDB
HioxylHMDB
HipoxHMDB
HybriteHMDB
Hydrogen dioxideHMDB
InhibineHMDB
Lase peroxideHMDB
Lensan aHMDB
Magic bleachingHMDB
MetrokurHMDB
MiraseptHMDB
Nite white excel 2HMDB
Odosat DHMDB
Opalescence xtraHMDB
OxigenalHMDB
OxyseptHMDB
Oxysept IHMDB
PegasylHMDB
PeroneHMDB
PeroxaanHMDB
PeroxcleanHMDB
Quasar briteHMDB
Select bleachHMDB
SuperoxolHMDB
T-StuffHMDB
Whiteness HPHMDB
WhitespeedHMDB
Xtra whiteHMDB
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)HMDB
HydroperoxideHMDB
Peroxide, hydrogenHMDB
Chemical FormulaH2O2
Average Molecular Weight34.0147
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight34.005479308
IUPAC Nameperoxol
Traditional Namehydrogen peroxide
CAS Registry Number7722-84-1
SMILES
OO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/H2O2/c1-2/h1-2H
InChI KeyMHAJPDPJQMAIIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous other non-metal compounds. These are inorganic non-metallic compounds in which the largest atom belongs to the class of 'other non-metals'.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassHomogeneous non-metal compounds
ClassHomogeneous other non-metal compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentHomogeneous other non-metal compounds
Alternative ParentsNot Available
Substituents
  • Homogeneous other non metal
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-0.43 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1000 mg/mL at 25 °CNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.45ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.52ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area40.46 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity5.13 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability2.29 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-001i-9000000000-4749d46780bc552fb9afView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-50a90bb1548c24e83fbeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-50a90bb1548c24e83fbeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-9000000000-50a90bb1548c24e83fbeView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-a9a93dd42f2cfa0b34c4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-a9a93dd42f2cfa0b34c4View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-001i-9000000000-a9a93dd42f2cfa0b34c4View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Mitochondria
Biospecimen LocationsNot Available
Pathways
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
HMDB IDHMDB0003125
DrugBank IDDB11091
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FooDB IDFDB014562
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID763
KEGG Compound IDC00027
BioCyc IDHYDROGEN-PEROXIDE
BiGG ID33570
Wikipedia LinkHydrogen_peroxide
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound784
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16240
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Inorganic ion transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Occurs in almost all aerobically respiring organisms and serves to protect cells from the toxic effects of hydrogen peroxide. Promotes growth of cells.
Gene Name:
CAT
Uniprot ID:
P00432
Molecular weight:
59915.0
Reactions
2 Hydrogen peroxide → Oxygen +2 Waterdetails
Ethanol + Hydrogen peroxide → Acetaldehyde +2 Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in electron carrier activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
SUOX
Uniprot ID:
Q3MHX0
Molecular weight:
60501.0
Reactions
Sulfite + Oxygen + Water → Sulfate + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Antimicrobial agent which utilizes hydrogen peroxide and thiocyanate (SCN) to generate the antimicrobial substance hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN). May protect the udder from infection and promote growth in newborn calves. Inhibits growth of the following bacterial species: E.coli, K.pneumoniae, P.aeruginosa, S.sonnei, S.saphrophyticus, S.epidermidis, and S.dysenteriae.
Gene Name:
LPO
Uniprot ID:
P80025
Molecular weight:
80642.0
General function:
Secondary metabolites biosynthesis, transport and catabolism
Specific function:
Cell adhesion protein that participates in lymphocyte recirculation by mediating the binding of lymphocytes to peripheral lymph node vascular endothelial cells in an L-selectin-independent fashion. Has a monoamine oxidase activity (By similarity).
Gene Name:
AOC3
Uniprot ID:
Q9TTK6
Molecular weight:
84500.0
Reactions
1,3-Diaminopropane + Oxygen + Water → 3-Aminopropionaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Histamine + Water + Oxygen → Imidazole-4-acetaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Tyramine + Water + Oxygen → Homovanillin + Hydrogen peroxide + Ammoniadetails
General function:
Coenzyme transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidation of either pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP) or pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP) into pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP).
Gene Name:
PNPO
Uniprot ID:
Q5E9K3
Molecular weight:
30366.0
Reactions
Pyridoxamine + Water + Oxygen → Pyridoxal + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Pyridoxine + Oxygen → Pyridoxal + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate + Water + Oxygen → Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Pyridoxine 5'-phosphate + Oxygen → Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Involved in oxygen-dependent protoporphyrinogen oxidase
Specific function:
Catalyzes the 6-electron oxidation of protoporphyrinogen-IX to form protoporphyrin-IX.
Gene Name:
PPOX
Uniprot ID:
P56602
Molecular weight:
50612.0
Reactions
Protoporphyrinogen IX + 3 Oxygen → Protoporphyrin IX +3 Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Posttranslational modification, protein turnover, chaperones
Specific function:
Protects the hemoglobin in erythrocytes from oxidative breakdown.
Gene Name:
GPX1
Uniprot ID:
P00435
Molecular weight:
22659.0
Reactions
2 Glutathione + Hydrogen peroxide → Oxidized glutathione +2 Waterdetails
General function:
Inorganic ion transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Destroys radicals which are normally produced within the cells and which are toxic to biological systems.
Gene Name:
SOD1
Uniprot ID:
P00442
Molecular weight:
15683.0
General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
DDO
Uniprot ID:
P31228
Molecular weight:
37660.0
Reactions
D-Aspartic acid + Water + Oxygen → Oxalacetic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
D-Proline + Water + Oxygen → 1-Pyrroline-2-carboxylic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Hydroxyproline + Water + Oxygen → 1-Pyrroline-4-hydroxy-2-carboxylate + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
D-Ornithine + Water + Oxygen → 5-Amino-2-oxopentanoic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
D-Arginine + Water + Oxygen → 2-Oxoarginine + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Involved in copper ion binding
Specific function:
Plays a role in melanin biosynthesis. Catalyzes the oxidation of 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (DHICA) into indole-5,6-quinone-2-carboxylic acid. May regulate or influence the type of melanin synthesized. Also to a lower extent, capable of hydroxylating tyrosine and producing melanin.
Gene Name:
TYRP1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WN57
Molecular weight:
60617.0
Reactions
2 Hydrogen peroxide → Oxygen +2 Waterdetails
General function:
Nucleotide transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Oxidase with broad substrate specificity, oxidizing aromatic azaheterocycles, such as N1-methylnicotinamide, N-methylphthalazinium and phthalazine, as well as aldehydes, such as benzaldehyde, retinal, pyridoxal, and vanillin. Plays a key role in the metabolism of xenobiotics and drugs containing aromatic azaheterocyclic substituents. Is probably involved in the regulation of reactive oxygen species homeostasis. May be a prominent source of superoxide generation via the one-electron reduction of molecular oxygen. Also may catalyze nitric oxide (NO) production via the reduction of nitrite to NO with NADH or aldehyde as electron donor. May play a role in adipogenesis.
Gene Name:
AOX1
Uniprot ID:
P48034
Molecular weight:
147611.0
Reactions
(S)-Methylmalonic acid semialdehyde + Water + Oxygen → Methylmalonic acid + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
5-Hydroxyindoleacetaldehyde + Oxygen + Water → 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Pyridoxal + Oxygen + Water → 4-Pyridoxic acid + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
1-Methylnicotinamide + Oxygen + Water → N1-Methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
1-Methylnicotinamide + Water + Oxygen → N1-Methyl-4-pyridone-3-carboxamide + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
General function:
Amino acid transport and metabolism
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and has important functions in the metabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. MAOA preferentially oxidizes biogenic amines such as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine and epinephrine.
Gene Name:
MAOA
Uniprot ID:
P21398
Molecular weight:
59758.0
Reactions
1-Methylhistamine + Water + Oxygen → Methylimidazole acetaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Norepinephrine + Water + Oxygen → 3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Epinephrine + Water + Oxygen → 3,4-Dihydroxymandelaldehyde + Methylamine + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Normetanephrine + Water + Oxygen → 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycolaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Metanephrine + Water + Oxygen → 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycolaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
Dopamine + Water + Oxygen → 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
3-Methoxytyramine + Water + Oxygen → Homovanillin + Hydrogen peroxide + Ammoniadetails
Aminoacetone + Oxygen + Water → Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxide + Pyruvaldehydedetails
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
IL4I1
Uniprot ID:
F1N191
Molecular weight:
64479.0
Reactions
L-Aspartic acid + Water + Oxygen → Oxalacetic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
L-Phenylalanine + Water + Oxygen → Phenylpyruvic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
L-Tyrosine + Water + Oxygen → 4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails
L-Methionine + Water + Oxygen → 2-Oxo-4-methylthiobutanoic acid + Ammonia + Hydrogen peroxidedetails